The use of technology in Education has become increasingly pervasive and ubiquitous over the years.
Today, we find several innovative applications of technology in education:
- Technologies which provide a robust pedagogy for conceptualizing and designing courses (e.g., Course Builder from Google)
- A complete Learning Management System for creating learning sites that have provisions for creating content, evaluations as well as facilities for administration like registration, grading, etc.
- Availability of full courses taught by experts in the field (e.g., NPTEL, an initiative of the IITs and IISc in India, has video courses in engineering, humanities and sciences)
- Massively Open Online Courses (MOOC) where literally thousands of students from all over the world participate in courses offered by reputed universities like Stanford University, MIT, etc. (e.g., Coursera.org)
The use of technology has permeated not only formal education, but also informal learning. For example, a number of Indian children in the US take music classes from music teachers in India over Skype.
As we move forward, we are likely to see the proliferation of technology in education in several more ways:
- Move towards personalization and customization of education to an individual learner, in terms of content
- Intelligent Tutoring Systems that administer meaningful evaluations to gauge a student’s strengths and weaknesses
- Translation of content into local languages for use by rural schools and colleges
In the years to come, we expect technology to augment the traditional education system to improve its reach, richness and bridge the wide divide that exists today between educational institutions in the rural and urban areas.